Background

Open issues with current biometrics technology

current biometrics technologyBiometrics measure individuals' unique physical or behavioural characteristics as a means to recognize or authenticate their identity. Common physical biometrics include fingerprints; hand or palm geometry; and retina, iris, or facial characteristics. Behavioural characteristics include signature, voice (which also has a physical component), keystroke pattern and gait. Although some technologies have gained more acceptance than others, it is beyond doubt that the field of access control and biometrics as a whole shows great potential for use in end user segments, such as airports, stadiums, defence installations but also the industry and corporate workplaces where security and privacy are required.

Biometrics may be used for authentication. A new measurement that purports to belong to a particular entity is compared against the data stored in relation to that entity. If the measurements match, the assertion that the person is who they say they are is regarded as being authenticated. Some building access schemes work in this way, with the system comparing the new measure against the company's employee database. Also authentication of the identity of a person is frequently used in order to grand access to premises or data.

A shortcoming of biometric security systems is the discrimination to groups of people whose biometrics cannot be recorded well for the creation of the database reference, for example people whose fingerprints do not print well or they even miss the required limb or feature. These people are de facto excluded by the system. In that respect, the research on new biometrics that use physiological features that exist in every human, thus rendering them applicable to the greatest possible percentage of the population becomes very important. ...

European Framework

  • European Commission
  • IST logo
  • Sixth Framework Programme (FP6)

Related Projects

  • BIOSEC
    Biometrics and Security
  • BIOSECURE
    Biometrics for Secure Authentication
  • BITE
    Biometric Identification Technology Ethics
  • COST 275
    Biometrics-Based Recognition of People over the Internet
  • ERMIS
    Emotionally Rich Man-machine Intelligent System
  • HUMAINE
    Human-Machine Interaction Network on Emotion
  • ICT for Trust and Security
    Security and dependability of Information and Communication Technology
  • SENSATION
    Advanced Sensor Development for Attention, Stress, Vigilance & Sleep/ Wakefulness Monitoring

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